Signs and symptoms of cerebral palsy is often as simple as having difficulty with fine motor tasks like writing or using scissors, or as profound to can not maintain balance or walk. Greatly afflicted patients might have involuntary movements, like uncontrollable hand motions and drooling. Others suffer from associated medical disorders, like seizures and mental retardation.
Spastic CP is among the most common type of cerebral palsy. It causes the muscles to be stiff and permanently contracted. Spastic cerebral palsy is often subclassified as one of five types that describe the affected limbs. What they are called of these types combine a Latin prefix describing how many affected limbs (e.g., di- means two) while using the term plegia or paresis, meaning paralyzed or weak:
* Diplegia-either each of your arms or both legs
* Hemiplegia-limbs on only one side from the body
* Quadriplegia-all four limbs
* Monoplegia-one limb (extremely rare)
* Triplegia-three limbs (extremely rare)
Spastic diplegia affects the legs over the arms. The legs often turn in and cross with the knees. Most of us a scissors gait, that hips are flexed, the knees nearly touch, the toes are flexed, and the ankles churn out from your leg, causing toe-walking. Learning disabilities and seizures are less frequent when compared to spastic hemiplegia.
Persons with spastic hemiplegia (hemiparesis) also may experience hemiparetic tremors-uncontrollable shaking of your limbs somewhere of your body. Severe hemiparetic tremors can seriously impair movement. The arm is mostly affected a lot more than the shin bone. Learning disabilities, vision problems, seizures, and dysfunction on the muscles of your mouth and tongue are classic symptoms.
Spastic quadriplegia involves all limbs. There exists dysfunction on the muscles of your mouth and tongue, seizures, medical complications, and increased risk for cognitive difficulties.
Athetoid (or dyskinetic) cerebral palsy is seen as an slow, uncontrolled, writhing movements from the hands, feet, arms, or legs (athetosis). Patients also may have abrupt, irregular, jerky movements (chorea), a program (choreoathetosis), or slow rhythmic movements with muscle tone abnormalities and abnormal postures (dystonia).
The muscles on the face and tongue may be affected, causing grimacing and/or drooling. As soon as the muscles that control speech are affected, the person experiences dysarthria (abnormal pronunciation of speech). Tinnitus is frequently associated with this method of CP.
Ataxic cerebral palsy affects balance and depth perception. Persons with ataxic CP have poor coordination and walk unsteadily, usually placing their feet far apart. Many have a problem with quick or precise movements, like writing or buttoning a shirt. Some also have intention tremor, where a voluntary movement, like grabbing a thing, sets off trembling within the limb. The tremor becomes more intense since the person nears the objective object.
Mixed CP involves some forms of cerebral palsy. While any mix of types and subtypes can occur, the most prevalent are athetodic-spastic-diplegic and athetoid-spastic-hemiplegic; the lowest amount of common is athetoid-ataxic. You possibly can have got a combination of the 3 (spastic-athetoid-ataxic).